Using topical grammar to enhance language learning
Wednesday, May 21, 2014
The various subskills of grammar, listening, reading, writing and cultural awareness all work together in the language acquisition process. Grammar is especially important to ensure communication, but the material presented should be meaningful and relevant to the learners' daily lives.
The following examples make suggestions for the introduction of grammar in a topical, interactive way. The learners need to become so involved in their activities that they learn the grammar without having to think about the rules. The underlying principle is learning English by using English.
A short dialogue or reading introduces grammar in context rather than in isolation, making it easier for the learners to acquire the structures in a more natural fashion.
Example: Read the passage, and then fill in the blanks.
Jose, Maria and Carlos worked at the Grand Hotel in
1. Jose worked at the registration desk last year.
2. Jose ________ the guests check in.
3. Jose didn't _______ at the City Inn Hotel. He _________ the Grand Hotel.
4. He _____ care of reservations.
5. He also ________ the mail out each day.
Example: Use a picture or set of visuals as an introduction for a new structure-place and time expressions. Hand out a city map, or project it if AV equipment is available.
1. Where is the movie theater? It is ______ the shoe store. (students say or write "next to")
2. Is the bookstore across from the restaurant?
3. On which street is the bookstore?
4. How do you get to the grocery from the post office?
These communication activities allow the learners to see and hear the structures in action and concentrate on gathering information.
"Knowing how, when and why to say what to whom." All the linguistic and social knowledge required for effective human-to-human interaction is encompassed in those 10 words.
Traditionally, grammar focused on the how, but a more interactive model puts grammar teaching into context that encourages the learning of the ability to communicate in meaningful ways. Grammar should be taught in context and reviewed on a regular basis.
- Grouping students: Heterogeneous, homogeneous and random structures
- The importance of guided practice in the classroom
- School districts weigh pros, cons of later start times for high schools
- Fostering STEM vocabulary development in ESL students
- Working memory in English language development
- The 4 C’s of 21st century learning for ELLs: Critical thinking
- Just how serious is the tech world about diversity?
- Comprehension: Do your English learners understand your instruction?
- Be prepared for when a civil disturbance occurs
- Study connects eye movement to Alzheimer’s disease
- Metals Thoughts: Home on the range
- Matching your genes to your prescription
- Start planning now to tackle snow at your facilities
See your work in future editions
Your content, Your Expertise,
Your Industry Needs YOUR Expert Voice & We've got the platform you needFind Out How